Nearsightedness is a very common vision problem. Around a third of the U.S. population is nearsighted. An exam by a Wear Eyewear optometrist in our Chicago or our Orland Park office will reveal whether you have this disorder and how to best treat it.
What is Nearsightedness?
The medical term for nearsightedness is myopia. People with this disorder are able to see close objects clearly. However, those at a distance are blurry. Many nearsighted people have trouble seeing a TV screen or viewing projected presentations.
Nearsightedness occurs when an eyeball becomes too long as a child develops or when there is too much curvature in the cornea. Patients with myopia experience blurred distance vision because light rays converge at a spot in front of the eye’s retina instead of on its surface.
Researchers have not found an exact cause of myopia. They know that a family history of this eye problem predisposes a person for developing it. Individuals who use their eyes for a lot of close work are more at risk than average for developing nearsightedness. Health disorders such as diabetes can cause it to appear in adults. The vision specialist who typically treats myopia is a doctor of optometry or optometrist.
How Does a Doctor Correct Myopia?
The goal of treating nearsightedness is causing light to focus on the patient’s retina. A doctor accomplishes this with lenses to correct vision or with refractive surgery.
Patients today have a greater selection than ever of corrective lenses. They include glasses with fashionable frames and with lenses that are single-vision for distance correction, bifocal, trifocal, or just for reading. Contact lenses available various styles and types are a good choice for many patients.
Several types of refractive surgery are treatment options for nearsightedness. They include:
- LASIK (laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis) is a three-step procedure. After creating a thin flap in the patient’s cornea, the specialist removes tissue from its center with a laser to flatten it. This special laser creates no heat. After its use, the practitioner repositions the flap.
- LASEK (laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy) is another three-step technique. In this procedure, the flap is confined to the thin cover of the cornea. After reshaping and flattening the cornea, the practitioner returns the flap to its correct position.
- PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) resembles a LASEK procedure. However, the specialist removes the cornea’s protective cover, allowing it to regrow to fit the surgically corrected shape of the cornea.
- IOL (intraocular lens) implants fit in front of the eye’s lens after a vision professional surgically inserts them. Less common than other treatments, they could be an option for patients with nearsightedness ranging from moderate to severe. Surgeons also use IOLs to correct vision during surgery to remove cataracts.
Doctors normally perform all of these surgical options on an outpatient basis.
Our doctors of optometry, Jordan Jones, O.D. and Natalie Wozny, O.D., are highly skilled at evaluating your vision and providing state-of-the-art treatment. Call today for an appointment for an exam at our Chicago clinic at 312-255-1212 or at our Orland Park location at 708-349-9327. Patients love our selection of great-looking eyewear and our personalized service.